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Potential Aquaculture Management Program in the Pacific Islands


NOAA Fisheries has prepared a Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement on a potential aquaculture management program in the Pacific Islands and is accepting public comments through August 5, 2021.
Fishing Type
Action Status


NOAA Fisheries, in coordination with the Western Pacific Fishery Management Council (Council), prepared a Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (DPEIS) pursuant to the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) that analyzes the potential environmental impacts of a Federal aquaculture management program for the Pacific Islands Region.

The National Environmental Policy Act is an environmental law that promotes the protection of the environment and established the President's Council on Environmental Quality. The law was enacted on January 1, 1970, and requires agencies to consider a range of proposed alternative activities to the one proposed, including no action. The DPEIS analyzes management alternatives for aquaculture in Federal waters of the Pacific Islands.

  • Alternative 1—Status Quo / No Action
  • Alternatives 2 and 3—Establish a coordinated, comprehensive aquaculture management program in Federal Waters with varying limitations on permit duration, allowable species, and allowable gear types

Under current Federal fisheries management, NOAA does not require a permit or otherwise regulate aquaculture in Federal waters, with limited exceptions. Without a management program, future aquaculture operations would develop in an ad hoc manner without Federal review or control of the species, timing, location, or details of an aquaculture operation. This DPEIS analysis allows NOAA and the Council to take a holistic look at managing aquaculture in the Pacific Islands and increase the efficiency and transparency of sustainable development.

The Pacific Islands Regional Office has permitted limited aquaculture projects in Federal waters off the Island of Hawaii under the Special Coral Reef Ecosystem Fishing Permit provisions in 50 CFR 665.224. The regulations allow NOAA Fisheries to review and, if appropriate, allow the harvest of coral reef ecosystem species using gear that would otherwise be prohibited. The analysis and coordination required to support these individual permit is resource-intensive and not timely for both the applicant and the Pacific Islands Regional Office. Creating a potential aquaculture management program would support sustainable development of offshore aquaculture and ensure protection for the region's physical, biological and socioeconomic environment.

Public Comments

NOAA Fisheries is accepting comments on the DPEIS through August 5, 2021.

Read and comment on the Draft programmatic EIS  

To provide additional opportunities for the public to comment on the DPEIS, NOAA Fisheries will hold four public meetings virtually on WebEx. At each meeting, NOAA Fisheries will provide a brief presentation about the DPEIS, followed by the opportunity for the public to provide comments. Commenters will be limited to two minutes each. If time permits and all commenters have spoken, an opportunity for additional comments may be offered. NOAA Fisheries may end any of the meetings before the two-hour scheduled time if all comments have been received.

We have scheduled the meetings to ensure that residents in each relevant time zone in the region are able to join. The meetings are accessible to people with disabilities. Please make direct requests for sign language interpretation or other auxiliary aids to Tori Spence McConnell, (808) 725-5186, at least 5 days prior to the first meeting date.

Meeting Schedule

All dates and times are in Hawaii Standard Time:

  • Tuesday, June 15, 2021, 4 p.m. to 6 p.m.
  • Tuesday, June 15, 2021, 7 p.m. to 9 p.m.
  • Tuesday, June 22, 2021, 11 a.m. to 1 p.m.
  • Thursday, June 24, 2021, 7 p.m. to 9 p.m.

Watch Presentation Recording (00:05:08)
Download Presentation Slides (PDF, 10 pages)
Presenter: Tori Spence-McConnell, NOAA Fisheries Pacific Islands Regional Office

Event Link:

Conference number: RWXW2188630

Audience passcode: 2249526

If you do not have internet access, you may join by phone:

  • US Toll-Free+1 800-857-6627
  • US Toll+1 312-470-7498

For instructions on how to join the Webex public information meetings and public hearings, please see this Webex webpage, or visit the Webex Help Center.

Global Seafood Production

Aquaculture is the breeding, rearing, and harvesting of fish, shellfish, and plants in all types of water environments, including ponds, rivers, lakes, and the ocean. Aquaculture plays a variety of important roles in the region’s and the nation’s fisheries, contributing to seafood supply, fostering economic growth and development, restoring fish habitats, and helping preserve indigenous cultural practices.

Graph illustrating capture production and aquaculture production; 2018.
Global Seafood Production Statistics for 1950-2015.

Purpose and Need

The purpose of this action is to develop a management program to support an environmentally sound and economically sustainable aquaculture industry in Federal waters of the Pacific Islands. The Council would establish the program by amending their five Fishery Ecosystem Plans, and NOAA Fisheries would implement the program through Federal regulations, education, and monitoring.

Action Area—Federal Waters of the Pacific Islands Region

Amendments to the fishery ecosystem plan would establish a Federal management program for aquaculture fisheries in Federal waters (generally 3 to 200 nm from shore) around the islands of American Samoa, Guam, Hawaii, the Pacific Remote Islands, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. The action area analyzed in the DPEIS encompasses the same locations.

Map of the Pacific Islands region with EEZ areas.
Exclusive Economic Zones in the Pacific Islands region.

Possible Features of an Aquaculture Management Program

  • Permitting eligibility requirements
  • Permitting application and review requirements
  • Permit duration defined for commercial and research permits
  • Program capacity requirements
  • Siting requirements
  • Allowable system/gear types
  • Allowable species
  • Recordkeeping and reporting requirements

Possible Environmental Impact of a Potential Aquaculture Management Program

We assess the possible environmental impacts according to five criteria identified through scoping and common environmental concerns related to aquaculture. These criteria are:

  • Impacts of effluents from marine aquaculture facilities 
  • Impacts on habitat and ecosystem 
  • Impacts on local wild fish stocks
  • Impacts on other marine wildlife and protected species
  • Social and economic impacts 

Last updated by Pacific Islands Regional Office on 07/21/2021